How do you define Diabetes Insipidus?

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Define Diabetes Insipidus to explain what diabetes insipidus is and diabetes insipidus symptoms is a common request from people who are new to diabetes insipidus. It is a little trickier to define diabetes insipidus than define diabetes mellitus.

Diabetes insipidus definition involves description of diabetes insipidus symptoms and diabetes insipidus diagnosis. A more detailed diabetes insipidus definition  looks at what diabetes insipidus is caused by. Thus, diabetes insipidus definition helps us understand what diabetes insipidus is and what the causes are.

Diabetes insipidus is defined as a condition that makes a person has excessive thirst and severely diluted excessive urination. As a result, people with diabetes insipidus feel dehydrated.

Either deficiency of arginine vasopressin or a kidney dysfunction caused by insensitivity of nephrons to arginine vasopressin can cause diabetes insipidus.

This is how to ‘define diabetes insipidus’.



How is diabetes insipidus different from diabetes mellitus?

One must note the difference between diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus.

The main difference between diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus is that blood sugar levels are normal in diabetes insipidus but not in diabetes mellitus. So a person suffering from diabetes insipidus can have pretty normal blood sugar levels. This is unlike a person suffering from diabetes mellitus where high blood sugar levels is a main symptom.

As diabetes insipidus is different from diabetes mellitus, diet for a diabetes insipidus patient can be totally different from diet for a diabetes mellitus patient.

How does a person suffering from diabetes insipidus feel?

A person suffering from diabetes insipidus feels severe thirst and produces large amounts of urine. These symptoms may lead to significant inconvenience in daily life. As a result, a person with diabetes insipidus may feel irritable, tired and restless.

As diabetes insipidus makes the person pass excess urine, such person’s urine is often diluted.


What causes diabetes insipidus in humans?

Diabetes insipidus is caused by a range of factors including injuries, infections and accidents. Generally a problem with glands that produce vasopressin or nephrons in kidneys that are no longer able to use vasopressin cause diabetes insipidus.

One must investigate all possible diabetes insipidus causes during diabetes insipidus diagnosis.

What is Vasopressin?

Vasopressin, also known as antidiuretic hormone (ADH) is a hormone produced by hypothalamus.Vasopressin gets converted to Arginine Vasopressin (AVP) or argipressin. AVP regulates the amount of water lost as urine and the amount of water that is to absorbed back into the body from kidneys. AVP is also responsible for constricitng arterioles and raising arterial blood pressure. Some amount of AVP may also be released into brain from hypothalamus and influence social behaviour, sexual motivation, pair bonding, maternal response to stress.

However, the main purpose of vasopressin is to retain water in the body by regulating water loss as urine.

So when either vasopressin is not produced at all or not being properly used by kidneys, water gets leaked out of the body in the form of urine. This loss of water makes the person pass excess urine and feel thirsty and dehydrated.

What are common types of diabetes insipidus? Define Diabetes Insipidus

Diabetes insipidus can be of many types. Popular types of diabetes insipidus are:

  1. Neurogenic diabetes insipidus,
  2. Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus,
  3. Dipsogenic diabetes insipidus and
  4. Gestational diabetes insipidus

You must see a doctor for diabetes insipidus diagnosis and diabetes insipidus treatment irrespective of which type of diabetes insipidus you have.

What is Neurogenic diabetes insipidus?

When hypothalamus fails to produce vasopressin, it results in neurogenic diabetes insipidus.

Common causes of Neurogenic diabetes insipidus include infection, sarcoidosis, surgery, head trauma or side effects.

Neurogenic diabetes insipidus has another name as central diabetes insipidus.

What is Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus?

Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus occurs when the kidneys fail to function properly.

Kidneys fail to regulate body water when nephrons fail to respond to vasopressin. As a result the person passes unusually large amounts of urine. This also leads to dehydration and excess thirst.

What is Dipsogenic diabetes insipidus?

When someone drinks too much fluids, they suffer from dipsogenic diabetes insipidus.

A person may end up with drinking too many fluids due to a defect in the thirst mechanism or a mental disorder. Drinking too many fluids would intoxicate them and results in dipsogenic diabetes insipidus.

What is Gestational Diabetes Insipidus?

We sometimes see gestational diabetes insipidus in ladies during pregnancy due to excessive production of vasopressin or problem in clearing up vasopressin. Diabetes insipidus in women during pregnancy is called gestational diabetes insipidus.

When a woman shows any signs of gestational diabetes insipidus, it is important that she sees a doctor soon. Doctors and midwives can help women with diabetes insipidus to deal with the diabetes insipidus symptoms and make sure the mother and baby are safe.

How we define diabetes insipidus in dogs is somewhat similar too.

Diabetes Insipidus in Dogs

Dogs can also suffer from diabetes insipidus. Diabetes insipidus in dogs is a common condition that worries dog owners. Diabetes insipidus causes serious challenges to dog owners.

The causes of diabetes insipidus in dogs are varied. All diabetes insipidus symptoms in dogs must be looked at by a veterinarian. A dog that shows diabetes insipidus symptoms needs proper care and treatment with the help of a veterinarian.

Summary | How do you define Diabetes Insipidus?

This is how we define diabetes insipidus. When we define diabetes insipidus, we must also discuss all the above diabetes’ classifications in detail. A doctor can define diabetes insipidus in humans with more detail specific to your case.

Diabetes insipidus treatment is only possible with the help of a doctor for human beings.

A veterinarian can define diabetes insipidus in dogs. A veterinarian can treat Diabetes insipidus in dogs.

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