Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms | Excess thirst, Excess Urine!

Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms

Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms are the first indications that you may have the condition. They are the signs that you may show or feel when you are suffering from diabetes insipidus.

It is important to study diabetes insipidus symptoms and make sure the condition is treated as early as possible. Otherwise, the person may face more serious illness soon.

You may not be aware of your condition when you show diabetes insipidus symptoms. You must see a doctor when you have Diabetes Insipidus symptoms. Doctor can investigate, diagnose and treat the condition.

Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms are generally very tricky to pin down. But if you report your problems to a doctor, they can investigate your ‘diabetes insipidus symptoms’.

Your doctor’s investigation will lead to proper diagnosis. A correct diagnosis means successful treatment of the condition.

We can discuss diabetes insipidus symptoms in more detail once we define diabetes insipidus and state the causes of diabetes insipidus.

How do we define diabetes insipidus?

How we define diabetes insipidus is little tricky due to the confusion with diabetes mellitus. Though diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus have some common symptoms, they are two entirely different conditions. Diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus are not related.

We can state diabetes insipidus definition as below. ‘Diabetes Insipidus is a medical condition due to which the patient loses the ability to regulate the balance of water in the body’.

What are common diabetes insipidus symptoms?

In diabetes insipidus, the patient’s kidneys may fail to regulate the amount of water that the body loses as urine. This means the patient may pass unusually large amounts of diluted urine. This is called polyuria. Because the patient’s body loses lot of water, he may get dehydrated. The patient may also feel very dry and thirsty. This is called polydipsia. Polyuria and Polydipsia are common diabetes insipidus symptoms.

Why is it important to take diabetes insipidus symptoms seriously?

As seen above, the main symptom of diabetes insipidus is excess urination or loss of water from body. Loss of water from body makes you feel very thirsty and dehydrated.

Water is very important constituent of human body. Human body is 70% water. Water helps to hold certain very essential salts like sodium and potassium within the body. This makes it very important to make sure your body holds enough water and does not lose excess water as urine.

When you are dehydrated, the concentration of such salts like sodium and potassium becomes very high in your body. You may feel toxic and ill as a result.

So, one must take diabetes insipidus symptoms seriously. One must speak to a doctor who can investigate the symptoms and treat the patient.

How is Diabetes Insipidus  different from Diabetes Mellitus?

Diabetes Insipidus is different in many ways from Diabetes Mellitus. This also means diabetes insipidus definition is different from diabetes mellitus definition.

Symptoms like excessive thirst and excessive urination are common for both Diabetes insipidus and Diabetes Mellitus. This similarity in the symptoms of diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus sometimes causes confusion when someone is trying to define diabetes insipidus.

However, the distinguishing point is that in diabetes mellitus, the blood sugar levels are abnormal whereas in diabetes insipidus they can be pretty normal. Thus blood sugar levels make diabetes insipidus meaning and diabetes mellitus meaning quite different.

Are Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms easy to identify?

It is very tricky to pin down on diabetes insipidus symptoms.

This is because there are not many known diabetes insipidus symptoms. Moreover, the known symptoms of diabetes insipidus are not very specific to diabetes insipidus and they are rarely obvious.

The only symptoms that can be associated with diabetes insipidus are frequently urinating in large amounts and feeling constantly thirsty. See how simple these diabetes insipidus symptoms are?!

Excessive thirst and excessive urination are pre diabetic symptoms too.  

It’s so easy to miss whole idea of diabetes insipidus even if someone has these symptoms. This is one of the reasons why it is so difficult to diagnose diabetes insipidus.

To be safe and to prevent more serious diabetes insipidus complications, it is important to discuss your diabetes insipidus symptoms with your doctor. So you must see your doctor if you are urinating more than usual or drinking more water than usual.

Is passing Excess Urine one of the Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms?

Yes, someone with diabetes insipidus can pass urine in the range of 3 to 20 liters a day. The urine of a diabetes insipidus patient is pale and watery.

People with diabetes insipidus pass too much urine because of two possible reasons. Either your body does not produce vasopressin or nephrons do not use vasopressin to regulate the amount of water lost in the form of urine.

As excess urination indicates possible diabetes insipidus it is wise to get checked by a doctor when you find yourself passing too much urine.

Why does a person with diabetes insipidus pass excessive urine?

In a healthy person, Hypothalamus produces vasopressin and nephrons use it as a signal to process urine production in the body. Thus, with vasopressin, nephrons can understand how much water needs to be retained and how much to be excreted as urine.

In a person with diabetes insipidus, either hypothalamus fails to produce vasopressin or nephrons fails to use vasopressin. As a result, the person can pass excessive urine.

Is having Excess Thirst one of the Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms?

Excessive thirst is one of the diabetes insipidus symptoms. If you have diabetes insipidus, no matter how much water you drink you would still feel thirsty and dry as you pass too much urine. Passing excessive urine causes dehydration and the person obviously feels excessively thirsty.

A person with diabetes insipidus can feel thirsty and dry right after having a drink. With such thirst they may end up drinking too much water and even suffer water intoxication. To avoid such complications, you need to see your doctor as soon as you notice any diabetes insipidus symptoms.

Why does a person with diabetes insipidus have excess thirst?

A person with diabetes insipidus cannot regulate the amount of water to pass as urine. As a result diabetes insipidus patient may pass too much urine. Excessive thirst is primarily due to dehydration as too much water is lost as urine.

Your body may lose too much water as urine when hypothalamus cannot produce vasopressin or nephrons cannot use it. This is because nephrons have no means to determine how much water to lose as urine.

How does excess thirst impact you?

When you pass urine frequently and feel thirsty as a result, you will notice a disruption in your routine and disturbance in your mood. You may also feel more tired than usual, very irritable and unable to concentrate on simple tasks. You may feel very unwell in general and struggle to figure out why you feel so.

Thus, excessive thirst is an important symptom of diabetes insipidus and a huge inconvenience for your life.

What should you do if you feel excessively thirsty and urinate a lot?

It is important that you see a doctor as soon as you notice that you are feeling thirsty often or urinating a lot.

A doctor can examine your case history and your diabetes insipidus symptoms. They may also do some special tests on you to diagnose whether you have diabetes insipidus or some other condition.

Then they can help you with treatment.

Is Seeking Medical Advice a good idea when you have one of the Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms?

Yes, you must see a doctor when you have any diabetes insipidus symptoms.

It is important that you seek medical advice if you feel thirsty often or pass large amounts of urine. You must take these symptoms seriously even if you are not sure it could be diabetes insipidus.

If you ignore diabetes insipidus symptoms your situation could get worse with time.

A doctor can conduct some tests to determine the cause if you report your symptoms. If your doctor diagnoses your condition as diabetes insipidus, you can start looking for help to deal with your situation sooner.

Early diagnosis of diabetes insipidus will help you to deal with your condition better.

What happens if you ignore diabetes insipidus symptoms?

When you see diabetes insipidus symptoms in you, you must see a doctor.  Ignoring diabetes insipidus symptoms like excessive thirst or excessive urination is not a good idea.

This can mean that you never know what condition is causing such symptoms like excessive urination and excessive thirst. This is not a good situation to be in.

The sooner you seek help from your doctor, the easier it will be to manage your diabetes insipidus symptoms.

You may also find that excessive urination and excessive thirst the two common diabetes insipidus symptoms, cause significant disruption in your routine. As a result, your personal life as well as professional life could be adversely impacted. This may cause an annoyance for you and people around you.

To avoid such a situation, you must meet a doctor as soon as you see any diabetes insipidus symptoms in you.

The doctor will investigate and establish reasons for the diabetes insipidus symptoms.

What are the types of diabetes insipidus?

Diabetes insipidus can be of two main types:

Cranial diabetes insipidus

This is the type of diabetes insipidus where the hypothalamus does not produce enough AVP or vasopressin. As a result, the patient experiences excessive urination resulting in loss of too much water and dehydration.

Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus

This is the type of diabetes insipidus where hypothalamus does produce right levels of AVP or vasopressin but, kidneys don’t recognize this.

As a result, kidneys allow excess loss of water in the form of urine.

Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus can be of two types

Congenital Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus that is present from birth

Acquired Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus that develops later in life

What are common Cranial diabetes insipidus causes?

A damaged hypothalamus or pituitary gland can be a common cause for cranial diabetes insipidus. Hypothalamus or pituitary gland is usually damaged due to a brain tumor, a severe head injury or a complication from a brain surgery or pituitary surgery.

Other less common causes of cranial diabetes insipidus include:

Cancers that spread to some parts of the brain from somewhere else in the body,

a rare genetic disorder called Wolfram syndrome that may also cause loss of eyesight,

Incidents or accidents such as a stroke or drowning where brain gets damaged due to sudden loss of oxygen,

Infections, such as meningitis and encephalitis that may result in brain damage.

What are common Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus causes?

Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus occurs when nephrons in the kidneys fail to recognize AVP as a signal for water regulation. Water regulation is the ability to decide how much water to be reabsorbed into body and how much can be sent out as urine.

Congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus results from AVPR2 gene mutation or AQP2 gene mutation.

Acquired nephrogenic diabetes insipidus results from Lithium. This may happen when people use Lithium to treat conditions like bi-polar condition on long term basis. Other conditions like hypercalcemia, hypokalemia, pyelonephritis or ureteral obstruction can also cause acquired nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.

Do Children show any one of the Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms?

Yes children too can show diabetes insipidus symptoms. But children may not realize diabetes insipidus symptoms and so they may not complain. So, it is important that adults look for alternative signs in childrens’ behavior to suspect diabetes insipidus.

Common diabetes insipidus symptoms you can look for in children include the below.

Children with diabetes insipidus may cry more than usual for no apparent reason.

Children may feel very irritable for no apparent reason.

Sometimes even the growth of children seems to be slower than usual.

Children with diabetes insipidus also tend to show high body temperature and unexpected weight loss.

Some children though show other Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms like wetting the bed, serious loss of appetite and they feel tired all the time.

Dehydration is also another good sign that needs to be taken seriously.

Adults need to take responsibility to observe diabetes insipidus symptoms in children and seek medical advice. Consulting a children’s doctor is a very important thing to do when we notice such Diabetes Insipidus Symptoms in children.

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